Categories
Blogs

When Should I Worry About Stomach Cancer?

When Should I Worry About Stomach Cancer?

Introduction

Stomach cancer is a type of cancer that begins in the stomach and spreads to other parts of the body. The stomach is a small pouch located near the top of your abdomen, slightly below your ribs. Also, before breaking down and digesting the food you eat, your stomach takes it in and holds it.

The location of cancer in the stomach is one-factor doctors evaluate when choosing your treatment options. Surgery to remove stomach cancer is also a common aspect of the treatment. As a result, here’s all you need to know about stomach cancer.

What is stomach cancer?

Stomach cancer, often known as gastric cancer, can occur anywhere in the stomach. Furthermore, in most regions of the world, stomach cancer develops in the primary section of the belly.

This cancer grows in the stomach’s inner lining. Bloating, stomach pain, difficulty swallowing, nausea, vomiting, exhaustion, and weight loss are alarming symptoms of stomach cancer.

Gastric cancer types

  • Adenocarcinomas

Adenocarcinomas make up most stomach cancers (90 percent to 95 percent). Also, these malignancies arise from gland cells in the stomach’s innermost lining (the mucosa).

It’s nearly invariably an adenocarcinoma if you’re informed you have stomach cancer (or gastric cancer). There are two types of stomach adenocarcinomas: adenocarcinoma and adenocarcinoma.

  • Gastrointestinal stromal 

Tumors develop in the lining of the intestine (GISTs). These rare cancers begin in the very early stages of interstitial cells of Cajal, which are cells in the stomach wall. GISTs can begin anywhere in the digestive tract, although most begin in the stomach. Some GISTs are far more likely than others to spread to other body sections or expand into other places.

  • Tumors of the neuroendocrine system (including carcinoids)

Neuroendocrine cancers begin in cells in the stomach (or other regions of the digestive tract) that operate in some ways like nerve cells and others like hormone-producing (endocrine) cells. Most NETs develop slowly and do not move to other organs; others might proliferate and spread. Also, gastrointestinal Neuroendocrine (Carcinoid) Tumors delves deeper into NETs.

  • Lymphomas

Lymphocytes, which are immune system cells, are where these malignancies begin. Lymphomas typically begin in other places of the body. However, some might begin in the stomach wall. The type of lymphoma and other factors influence treatment and prognosis for various tumors. 

  • Other types of cancer

Squamous cell carcinomas, small cell carcinomas, and leiomyosarcomas are all malignancies that can start in the stomach, but they are scarce.

Warning signs of stomach cancer

The early signs of this cancer are hazy and might be mistaken for other, less severe illnesses. They are as follows:

  • Indigestion and heartburn that won’t go away
  • Wind suffocation and frequent burping
  • After meals, you may feel full or bloated.
  • Stomach discomfort that doesn’t go away

Advanced stomach cancer can cause the following symptoms

  • Stools with blood in them, or black stools
  • A decrease in appetite
  • Slimming down

When to worry about stomach cancer?

If you detect any signs or symptoms that concern you, book an appointment with oncologist doctor. Also, your doctor would most likely start by looking at the more prevalent causes of these signs and symptoms.

The following are some of the factors that enhance the risk of stomach cancer:

  • Gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) 
  • Obesity
  • A diet low in fruits 
  • Vegetables high in salty or smoked food
  • Stomach cancer in the family
  • Helicobacter pylori infection
  • Inflammation in the stomach (gastritis)
  • Stomach polyps caused by smoking

Moreover, the current guidelines state that any unexplained abdominal complaints that persist inspite of medications for more than 2 weeks warrant investigations including an imaging like a CT scan and endoscopy to rule out a cause which includes a cancer.

Treatment of advanced stomach cancer

Many factors influence your treatment options. Cancer’s location and stage (the amount it has spread) are critical. You and your cancer care team will consider your age, overall health, and personal preferences when deciding on a treatment strategy. Using two or more types of treatment is frequently the best option.

The following are the most common therapies for stomach cancer:

  • Surgery is the treatment of choice to remove all malignant tissue of stomach cancer.
  • A gastrectomy is a procedure that removes part or all of the stomach. It will be feasible to eat regularly following a gastrectomy, although you will most likely need to reduce your portion sizes.
  • Treatment Using Targeted Drugs
  • Stomach Cancer Immunotherapy 
  • Radiation Therapy 

Conclusion

You can reduce your chance of this cancer by doing the following:

  • BMI – First and foremost, if you’re overweight or obese, speak with your doctor about weight-loss choices. In addition, strive for a weekly weight loss of 1 to 2 pounds.
  • A diet rich in fruits and vegetables – Make an effort to eat more fruits and vegetables every day.
  • Stop smoking – Smoking increases your risk of stomach cancer as well as a range of other cancers. Also, if you’re having problems stopping smoking, get medical advice.

Talk to your doctor about your risk of stomach cancer if you think you might be at risk. In addition, for persons with a strong family history of stomach cancer, testing such as endoscopy may be considered to check for signs of stomach cancer.

For more information on stomach cancer, connect with our team of experts

Categories
Blogs

COVID-19 and Liver Disease: All You Should Know

COVID-19 and Liver Disease: All You Should Know

Introduction

COVID-19 has infected millions of individuals around the world for almost two years. Since the new strain pandemic, there has been a clear association between liver disease and severe COVID.

Liver disease is related to immune dysregulation and inflammation, implying that patients suffer severe consequences. As a result, the infected patient’s liver function tests are abnormal, meaning that SARS-CoV-2 is directly involved in liver damage.

Let’s learn more about the connection between liver damage and Covid.

The link between Covid and liver

Most people with COVID-19 symptoms improve on their own. And a significant number of persons infected with the coronavirus show no signs. However, only a small percentage of people become ill or die. 

Out of these people, some patients could develop severe lung disorders such as pneumonia or ARDS (acute respiratory distress syndrome). Pneumonia causes your airways to expand and fluid to fill your lungs. Also, this can cause ARDS, which makes breathing difficult or impossible. Hence, some persons may require the use of a ventilator.

If people with cirrhosis of the liver receive a COVID-19 infection, they are more likely to develop severe COVID-19 illness. Further, resulting in prolonged hospitalization and increased mortality. Therefore, COVID-19 could impact liver cirrhosis screening, diagnosis, and treatment. 

Moreover, consumption of medicines used to treat covid causes hepatocyte destruction (cells in the liver), thrombosis, inflammatory cytokine storm, hypoxia/ oxygen depression, and drug-induced liver injury.

The risk of drug hepatotoxicity in COVID-19 individuals

Because there is no particular antiviral treatment for SARS-CoV-2, many patients with COVID-19 are given antivirals such as remdesivir, lopinavir, or ritonavir, along with other medications. Unfortunately, drug-induced liver damage has been seen in COVID patients because of these medicines.

Furthermore, there is evidence that lopinavir and ritonavir overdose can activate the endoplasmic reticulum stress route in the liver. Henceforth causing hepatocyte apoptosis and speeding up liver damage, resulting in inflammatory reactions.

Many medicines can alter the liver function and damage it. Some can induce silent elevations in liver enzymes; acute hepatitis can arise in other situations. Antibiotics, anti-inflammatory, and antiviral medications are among the agents that might induce liver damage. Such patients may have an undiagnosed fever and use antipyretics like paracetamol or other analgesics, which may cause hepatotoxicity. As a result, this is related to the risk of liver damage, resulting in mortality.

Are people with hepatitis B and C at high risk of severe illness?

Yes. Research has found that SARS patients with Hepatitis B virus or Hepatitis C virus infection are more likely to develop severe hepatitis. In addition, covid-19 infected people with Hepatitis infection have serious consequences. Therefore, they require immediate healthcare treatment.

What can we do to stay fit?

To help prevent COVID-19:

  • Eat a balanced, healthy diet.
  • Eat lots of juicy fruits.
  • Consult doctor about whether you should keep or postpone your medical appointments. It may be possible to schedule your appointment over the phone or via the internet.
  • Have groceries and other necessities delivered to your home.
  • Prescriptions can be purchased in-store or via mail order.
  • With the present epidemic, stress and anxiety are on the rise, and they might weaken your immune response. Exercising releases chemicals in your brain like serotonin and endorphins, making you feel better.

There’s a link between your diet, physical exercise, and overall health. So when it comes to your physical, mental, and social well-being, diet is crucial. 

Conclusion

Infection with COVID-19 can lead to liver failure and ultimately result in loss of life. The liver is one of the most impacted organs in covid patients.

It is necessary to confirm concurrent liver disease (e.g., viral hepatitis, fatty liver, liver cirrhosis, or hepatoma). In terms of treatment, drugs that can harm the liver should be taken with caution.

A higher percentage of COVID-19 severe cases reported acute liver injury, showing a higher chance of death. Therefore, the effects of this infection and anti-COVID-19 therapy on liver function require a complete and thorough investigation, along with additional high-quality research.

If you have liver disease, book an appointment to lower your covid complications.

Categories
Blogs

Impact of COVID-19 On Liver Function

Impact of COVID-19 On Liver Function

People with diabetes or obesity had rough outcomes for COVID-19 advancement from the beginning of this new viral pandemic, clearly showing that liver illness is linked to the severity of COVID-19. 

Considering that liver disease is related to immunological dysregulation and irritation, it is not unexpected that individuals with CLD may have an increased risk of unfavorable outcomes after infection with SARS-CoV2. 

According to preliminary COVID-19 data, infected patients who are otherwise fit have poor liver function tests, indicating that SARS-CoV-2 may be directly responsible for their liver damage. 

Keep reading this blog to know the connection between COVID and liver health.

Does COVID-19 damage the Liver?

High levels of liver enzymes affect liver functioning and cause severe damage. ALT and aspartate aminotransferase values have risen in certain COVID-19 patients admitted to the hospital (AST). Moreover, those with liver scarring may be more susceptible to COVID-19. 

Liver disease has been linked to an increased risk of mortality among individuals who are identified with COVID-19 if they already have liver disease or associated comorbidities.

How Serious COVID-19 for liver disease patients?

People over the age of 65 and those with actual medical conditions such as cardiovascular disease, chronic respiratory disease, diabetes, and cancer, are more prone to suffer from a life-threatening illness.

Effects of Coronaviruses on the Liver

Coronaviruses that cause noteworthy illnesses, such as MERS, SARS, and COVID-19, have very comparable genomic elements and pathophysiology pathways. This is especially true for COVID-19.

Whereas coronaviruses have been extensively investigated as pathogens of the respiratory system, their impacts on the hepatobiliary function have only been described in a few cases.

Ultimately, coronavirus-induced liver impairment is characterised by reduced albumin levels, raised aminotransferase but also bilirubin levels, and other signs and symptoms.

Read More – What Are The Types Of Liver Cancer?

Risks of liver injury in COVID-19 patients

Furthermore, taking into account all of these risks, COVID-19 has the potential to aggravate a kidney or liver illness, resulting in hepatic decompensation and higher mortality.

According to epidemiological research, 14–53 per cent of COVID-19-positive individuals have suffered liver problems, which is linked with a more poor result in the long run. According to another research, acute liver damage was recorded in 13 patients, which is 5 percent out of 274 individuals, with 10 patients, 76.9 percent dying due to the condition.

How to Protect Yourself?

One of the body’s biggest and most intricate organs, the Liver, may be found just beneath the right pulmonary artery. It is believed to conduct about 500 various tasks, such as the creation of proteins and hormones, the management of blood glucose, the production of bile, the degradation of toxins, the helping in the development of blood clots, the battling of infections, and many more. It is a unique organ that can regenerate completely even after 80 per cent of a liver has been eliminated from the body.

You can keep your liver healthy in the following ways.

  • Avoid Tobacco 
  • Eat healthy.
  • Stay active.
  • Avoid Junk food.
  • Avoid alcohol
  • Attempt to see a doctor at least once a year

If you have COVID or a liver disease, don’t forget to consult an oncologist doctor. You can book an appointment with our experts to know more about the link between COVID and Liver function.

Categories
Blogs

What Are The Types Of Liver Cancer?

What Are The Types Of Liver Cancer?

Liver cancer is fast-spreading cancer, and, sadly, most people aren’t aware of it until it’s too late. According to statistics released last year, liver cancer was the fourth most prevalent cause of cancer mortality in India, accounting for approximately 7% of cancer-related deaths.

There are two classifications for liver cancer. Primary liver cancer refers to cancer that begins in the liver’s tissue. In contrast, cancer that begins in another part of the body and spreads to the liver is secondary liver cancer or metastatic liver cancer.

Let’s talk about different types of liver cancers.

Different types of Liver Cancer

The numerous cells that make up the liver give rise to the many forms of primary liver cancer. Primary liver cancer may begin as a single lump in the liver, or it can begin in several locations throughout the liver at the same time.

The following are the most common kinds of primary liver cancer:

Hepatocellular carcinoma 

Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), often called hepatoma, is the most prevalent liver cancer, accounting for 75% of all cases.

The hepatocytes, which makeup liver cells, acquire this disease. It may extend from the liver to the pancreas, intestines, and stomach, among other organs.

People with substantial liver impairment from alcohol misuse are considerably more prone to develop HCC.

Cholangiocarcinoma

Cholangiocarcinoma, also known as bile duct cancer, is a kind of cancer that originates in the liver’s tiny, tube-like bile ducts. These ducts help digestion by transporting bile from the liver to the gallbladder.

Intrahepatic bile duct cancer occurs when cancer develops in a segment of the channels within the liver. Extrahepatic bile duct cancer occurs when cancer develops in a segment of the ducts outside the liver.

Bile duct cancer accounts for 10% to 20% of all liver cancers.

Liver angiosarcoma

Liver angiosarcoma is an uncommon kind of liver cancer that starts in the liver’s blood vessels. Because this kind of cancer spreads so quickly, it’s frequently discovered much later.

Hepatoblastoma

Hepatoblastoma is a kind of liver cancer that is exceedingly uncommon. It’s almost commonly detected in youngsters, particularly those under three.

With surgery and treatment, the prognosis for this form of cancer may be quite excellent. When hepatoblastoma is discovered in its early stages, the survival rate exceeds 90%.

Symptoms of liver cancer

The symptoms of liver cancer are often unclear and might not present until the illness has progressed. They may include:

  • Unusual weight loss
  • A decrease in appetite
  • Getting overfilled even after eating a small meal
  • Vomiting and feeling unwell
  • Abdominal discomfort or swelling 
  • Jaundice (yellowing of your skin and the whites of your eyes)
  • Itchy skin
  • Feeling exhausted and weak

If you experience any of the symptoms described above, see your doctor. It’s important to get them examined, even if they’re more likely to be the consequence of a more common ailment like an infection.

Read More – Impact of COVID-19 On Liver Function

What is the most common liver tumour?

Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), commonly known as hepatoma, is the most prevalent liver cancer, accounting for around 75% of all cases. HCC begins in the hepatocellular cells, the most common liver cells. Hepatitis B or C infection, or cirrhosis of the liver induced by drinking, are the most common causes of HCC.

Is liver cancer fast or slow-growing?

Depending on the kind of cancer, liver cancer has the potential to spread swiftly. Hemangiosarcoma and angiosarcoma are two kinds of liver cancer that spread quickly. In contrast, hepatocellular carcinoma spreads slowly in the course of the disease.

How is liver cancer treated?

Treatment for liver cancer is dependent on the stage at which the disease is discovered. If cancer is detected early enough, it may be feasible to eradicate it.

Treatment options for liver cancer in its early stages include the following:

  • Surgical resection: A procedure in which a portion of the liver is removed.
  • Liver transplant: The liver is replaced with a liver from a donor.
  • Microwave or radiofrequency ablation: Cancer treatment in which microwaves or radio waves are used to kill malignant cells

However, only a tiny fraction of liver tumours are detected at an advanced stage, making these therapies ineffective. In most cases, cancer is discovered after it has progressed too far to be removed or eradicated.

In these instances, cancer therapies such as chemotherapy will be utilised to limit the spread of the disease and ease symptoms such as pain and discomfort, among other things.

Conclusion

Your prognosis, or outlook, is determined by factors such as your general health, the kind and stage of your cancer, and how well you react to the therapy.

Liver cancer can be treated for the few people who can receive a successful organ transplant. About one-third of persons with liver cancer who undergo surgery to remove tumours or sections of the liver are cured.

You can book an appointment with our experts to know about liver cancer and all things related.

Categories
Blogs

How Can Stomach Cancer Be Prevented?

How Can Stomach Cancer Be Prevented?

Stomach cancer is characterized by the proliferation of malignant cells in the abdominal wall. Most individuals don’t display any symptoms in the early stages of gastric cancer, also known as gastric adenocarcinoma.

It is difficult to accurately diagnose stomach cancer since it is so uncommon when matched to other forms. Because stomach cancer typically has no early signs, it might go undetected for a long time until it is discovered. This may further complicate the treatment process.

What causes most stomach cancer?

 

An abnormal genetic mutation in the stomach’s lining is the primary reason for stomach cancer. This mutation allows the stomach cells to develop fast and ultimately form tumors. The following are potential causes that might raise a person’s likelihood of developing stomach cancer:

  • Family history of cancer
  • Smoking Cigarettes
  • Overweight
  • Inherited mutations in certain genes may increase the risk of stomach cancer. But only a tiny fraction of stomach cancers are caused by this.
  • Infections from Helicobacter pylori bacteria can increase the risk of stomach cancer.
  • A high-sodium diet 
  • And a diet that is low in fruit and veggies.

Genetic mutations after birth can also contribute to stomach cancer. Certain risk factors, like cigarette smoking before or during pregnancy, can develop these inherited mutations. Alternatively, certain gene modifications can also occur with no external trigger and cause cancer.

Stomach Cancer, Diet, and nutrition

You can fight any illness if you follow the right nutrition. We’ve compiled a list of certain foods that may aid in preventing and treating cancer and foods that can reduce the risk of stomach cancer.
  • Consume foods high in quercetin – Consume lots of onions, citrus fruits, apples, cherries, and broccoli. These foods have high levels of quercetin, which may help prevent this cancer from developing.
  • Make use of Turmeric – Turmeric contains a chemical compound known as curcumin. It has potent anti-cancer capabilities, and it causes cancer cells to activate their own self-destruct mechanisms.
  • Allicin-rich foods – In allicin content, garlic is the most abundant supply available and is quite efficient against such a malignancy. The allicin found in onions is also a potent source of vitamin C.
  • Vitamin A, C, and E-rich foods are available – Vitamin E can be found in spinach and almonds. In contrast, vitamin C can be found in abundance in citrus fruits and tomatoes, whereas vitamin A can be found in abundant amounts in carrots and potatoes.
  • Eliminate foods that have been smoked, heavily salted, or smoked
  • Minimize intake of animal fats.
  • Restrict consumption of alcoholic beverages.

Tips For Preventing Stomach Cancer

 

Even though stomach cancer is the 4th most frequent disease globally, the majority of instances have decreased significantly over the last few decades. Unfortunately, there is no certainty that you will be able to avoid it, but there are several things you could do to reduce your risks of getting it. Here are some tips to prevent the risk of cancer.

  • Reduce your intake of smoked foods – foods like pickles or smoked food items have preservatives and high salt content. Large levels of salt and additives may cause damage to the wall of the stomach, increasing your risk of developing stomach cancer. As a result, restrict your intake of smoked and pickled meals, as well as salted meats and seafood.
  • Take, for example, genetic testing – Is stomach cancer something that runs in your relatives? In certain cases, a genetic test may determine if you have particular genes (CDH1 gene) to make you more susceptible to stomach cancer.
  • Aspirin should be used with caution – To relieve pain, temperature, and inflammation, you might take ibuprofen, aspirin, or other over-the-counter medications similar to it. This treatment may also reduce your risk of developing tummy and colorectal cancers. However, you should avoid using such drugs to avoid stomach cancer since they can induce internal bleeding. Your physician will be able to tell you what is best for you.

Read More – Is a Liver Infection Serious?

Conclusion

 

The incidence of stomach cancer has steadily decreased during the last century. It appears as though the number of reported cases and fatalities from stomach disease around the globe has been stable in recent years. Furthermore, there has been a steady decline in the incidence of stomach cancer in the region nearest to the duodenum. Nevertheless, cancer incidence at the oesophageal-gastric junction is on the rise.

To know more about different ways to prevent and reduce your risks of stomach cancer, contact our experts today.

Categories
Blogs

Is a Liver Infection Serious?

Is a Liver Infection Serious?

The liver is a large organ around the size of a football that functions as a storage organ. It’s located on the right side of your abdomen, straight below your rib cage. The liver is important for the digestion of food and eliminating waste from the body.

Liver disease may be inherited genetically. Viruses, excessive alcohol use, and obesity are a few factors that may cause liver damage.

Liver damage may further progress into liver scarring (cirrhosis), leading to liver failure, a life-threatening condition. On the other hand, early diagnosis and treatment may enable the liver to heal.

What does infection in the liver mean?

 

When disease-causing agents (bacteria, parasites and viruses) infect your liver cells, inflammation is triggered. This impairs the normal functioning of the liver. As a result, symptoms like tiredness, itchy skin, dark urine, chronic fatigue, pale stool, diarrhoea, and loss of appetite may show up.

The diseases causing pathogens can enter the liver through blood, contaminated water or food, or contact with an infected person. The most common form of liver infection includes Hepatitis A, B, and C caused by the hepatitis group of viruses.

In addition to jaundice, several of these symptoms might signal various other problems, from stomach bleeding to heart failure to Wilson’s disease. Inheritance of an abnormal gene from one or both of your parents can cause a build-up of various substances in your liver, leading to liver damage.

For example, in Wilson’s Disease, this hereditary ailment develops when copper builds up in your body, harming your brain and liver. A lack of specific symptoms may make it difficult to recognise liver failure since toxins can build up in your body and brain while your liver is out of action, leading to additional health issues, including liver cancer.

What virus causes liver infection?

 

Hepatotropic viruses infect and multiply in the liver, causing illness. This group of viruses includes the hepatitis A, B, C, and E viruses. Hepatitis and liver damage occurs because of the liver’s immunological response to a virus in any of these illnesses.

The liver is prone to further damage because of greater host infection with viruses that predominantly attack other organs, notably the upper respiratory tract. Herpes viruses are an example of this phenomenon.

What happens if the liver is infected?

Some types of liver disease may raise your risk of developing liver cancer. If you do not get your liver checked properly, it will worsen. Cirrhosis (liver scarring) is a condition that arises when this happens.

A damaged liver will ultimately run out of healthy tissue and not perform its essential functions. If untreated, liver disease may progress to organ failure.

Read More – How Can Stomach Cancer Be Prevented?

Is liver infection contagious?

 

The liver infection can’t be spread by casual contact with an infected person. However, getting hepatitis by blood, faeces, or sexual contact is possible. It is one of the most common causes of liver illness. Infectious diseases, such as chickenpox, can cause liver damage, although rare.

Is a liver infection fatal?

 

Bacterial infection is a common and often fatal consequence of liver illness. It may cause mortality directly or indirectly by precipitating gastrointestinal bleeding, hepatic encephalopathy, or renal failure.

How long does a liver infection last?

 

Viral hepatitis like hepatitis A and E virus last for a few days to a few weeks. Moreover, the patient recovers after a supportive treatment and develops a lifelong immunity towards those viruses.

However, hepatitis B and C can behave like acute viral illness, but in some patients they might become lifelong carriers. This causes chronic liver damage leading to chronic liver disease like cirrhosis, or malaganices.

Hence, it is crucial to consult a doctor if you develop a hepatitis infection.

Can liver infections be cured?

 

Some liver conditions may be cured since a cure entails restoring good health and recovery. However, some liver illnesses cannot be treated, but the symptoms may be managed. For example, the alcohol-related liver impairment may be effectively managed with proper diet and exercise, and your liver may ultimately recover.

On the other hand, your liver may fail if the circumstances are sufficiently severe. Surgery may help with certain disorders. People with serious illnesses may be candidates for a liver transplant, which might repair the condition; however, recovery time is lengthy.

Conclusion

 

It is possible to develop liver disease as a consequence of an infection, an inherited illness, cancer, or an excess of poisonous chemicals. Healthcare practitioners may properly treat many forms of liver disease with medicine or by adopting a healthier lifestyle. If you have serious liver disease, a liver transplant may be an option to help you regain your health and live longer.

Contact our experts today to know more about liver diseases and its cure.

Categories
Blogs

How Can Stomach Cancer Be Prevented

How Can Stomach Cancer Be Prevented?

Stomach cancer is characterized by the proliferation of malignant cells in the abdominal wall. Most individuals don’t display any symptoms in the early stages of gastric cancer, also known as gastric adenocarcinoma. It is difficult to accurately diagnose stomach cancer since it is so uncommon when matched to other forms. Because stomach cancer typically has no early signs, it might go undetected for a long time until it is discovered. This may further complicate the treatment process.

What causes most stomach cancer?

 

An abnormal genetic mutation in the stomach’s lining is the primary reason for stomach cancer. This mutation allows the stomach cells to develop fast and ultimately form tumours. The following are potential causes that might raise a person’s likelihood of developing stomach cancer:

  • Family history of cancer
  • Smoking Cigarettes
  • Overweight
  • Inherited mutations in certain genes may increase the risk of stomach cancer. But only a tiny fraction of stomach cancers are caused by this.
  • Infections from Helicobacter pylori bacteria can increase the risk of stomach cancer.
  • A high-sodium diet 
  • And a diet that is low in fruit and veggies.

Genetic mutations after birth can also contribute to stomach cancer. Certain risk factors, like cigarette smoking before or during pregnancy, can develop these inherited mutations. Alternatively, certain gene modifications can also occur with no external trigger and cause cancer.

Stomach Cancer, Diet, and nutrition

 

You can fight any illness if you follow the right nutrition. We’ve compiled a list of certain foods that may aid in preventing and treating cancer and foods that can reduce the risk of stomach cancer.

  • Consume foods high in quercetin – Consume lots of onions, citrus fruits, apples, cherries, and broccoli. These foods have high levels of quercetin, which may help prevent this cancer from developing.
  • Make use of Turmeric – Turmeric contains a chemical compound known as curcumin. It has potent anti-cancer capabilities, and it causes cancer cells to activate their own self-destruct mechanisms.
  • Allicin-rich foods – In allicin content, garlic is the most abundant supply available and is quite efficient against such a malignancy. The allicin found in onions is also a potent source of vitamin C.
  • Vitamin A, C, and E-rich foods are available – Vitamin E can be found in spinach and almonds. In contrast, vitamin C can be found in abundance in citrus fruits and tomatoes, whereas vitamin A can be found in abundant amounts in carrots and potatoes.
  • Eliminate foods that have been smoked, heavily salted, or smoked
  • Minimize intake of animal fats.
  • Restrict consumption of alcoholic beverages.

Tips For Preventing Stomach Cancer

 

Even though stomach cancer is the 4th most frequent disease globally, the majority of instances have decreased significantly over the last few decades. Unfortunately, there is no certainty that you will be able to avoid it, but there are several things you could do to reduce your risks of getting it. Here are some tips to prevent the risk of cancer.

  • Reduce your intake of smoked foods – foods like pickles or smoked food items have preservatives and high salt content. Large levels of salt and additives may cause damage to the wall of the stomach, increasing your risk of developing stomach cancer. As a result, restrict your intake of smoked and pickled meals, as well as salted meats and seafood.
  • Take, for example, genetic testing – Is stomach cancer something that runs in your relatives? In certain cases, a genetic test may determine if you have particular genes (CDH1 gene) to make you more susceptible to stomach cancer.
  • Aspirin should be used with caution – To relieve pain, temperature, and inflammation, you might take ibuprofen, aspirin, or other over-the-counter medications similar to it. This treatment may also reduce your risk of developing tummy and colorectal cancers. However, you should avoid using such drugs to avoid stomach cancer since they can induce internal bleeding. Your physician will be able to tell you what is best for you.

Conclusion

 

The incidence of stomach cancer has steadily decreased during the last century. It appears as though the number of reported cases and fatalities from stomach disease around the globe has been stable in recent years. Furthermore, there has been a steady decline in the incidence of stomach cancer in the region nearest to the duodenum. Nevertheless, cancer incidence at the oesophageal-gastric junction is on the rise.

To know more about different ways to prevent and reduce your risks of stomach cancer, contact our experts today.